Rich with sea like irrigation reservoirs, magnificent monuments reflecting workmanship in ancient Buddhist culture, the city of Polonnaruwa is full of graceful sceneries. It is the second kingdom of ancient Sri Lanka. In addition, Angagammadilla, Dimbulagala, Somawathi Chethiya, are picturesque sites.
By capturing the king Parakrama Pandu and removing his eyes alive and torturing him to death, the invasive South Indian king Kalinga Magha destroyed and burnt the mediaeval capital to the ground. Many ancient books were dragged out, piled up and burnt. The Portuguese who came after 1505 too looted, what was left in the city.
Polonnaruwa was known to have had human settlements, long before Prince Vijaya landed on the shores of the island.
Kings of Polonnaruwa
Vijayabahu 1 (Vijayaba) 1055 – 1110
Jayabahu 1110 – 1111
Wickramabahu 1111 – 1132
Gajabahu 1132 – 1153
Parakramabahu (The Great) 1153 – 1186
Vijayabahu 11 1186 – 1187
Nissankamallala 1187 – 1196
Chodaganga 1196 – 1197
Leelawathi queen (Queen of Parakramabahu) 1197 – 1200
Sahassamallala 1200 – 1202
Kalyanawathi (Queen of Nissankamallala) 1202 – 1208
Dharmashoka 1208 – 1209
Anikanga Mahadipada 1209
Queen Leelawathi 1209 – 1210
Lokeshwara 1210 – 1211
Queen Leelawathi 1211 – 1212
Parakrama Pandu 1212 – 1215
Kalinga Magha (Kalinga Vijayabahu) 1215 – 1236
The King Parakramabahu was an erudite person, an expert statesman, and great ruler of mankind and a warrior, with an extra ordinary energy and discernment, and also a brilliant physician. He established the peace and harmony in the country. It was a golden era of architecture and many of his architectural creations have not yet identified.
The Vatadage (Circular Relic House)
Vatadage is one of the most remarkable architectural monuments to be seen in Polonnaruwa.
The South Indian architecture Cola style kovil built in the 13th century.
Parakramasamudraya (Sea of Parakrama) is the unique creation of king Parakramabahu the Great.